- Behcet’s disease typically causes sores, pain, and inflammation in the eyes, mouth, and genitals.
- There’s no cure for the disease, but various treatments can make the symptoms more manageable.
- While it can cause serious complications, most people with the condition have a normal lifespan.
Behcet’s disease, also known as Behcet’s syndrome, is a rare health condition that causes inflammation in the blood vessels. Most people with Behcet’s disease experience inflammation and lesions around the eyes, mouth, and genitals, but the disorder can also affect other parts of the body. Behcet’s disease shares several symptoms with other, more common conditions, making it more difficult and time-consuming to diagnose.
If you have Behcet’s disease, learning as much as possible about your condition can help you manage your symptoms through lifestyle adaptations and self-advocate for the best possible care. Below, you can find out what causes Behcet’s syndrome, how it’s diagnosed, and what treatments are available.
Causes of Behcet’s Disease
The root causes of Behcet’s syndrome are complex, but it’s thought to be a type of autoimmune disorder. Autoimmune disorders cause the body’s immune system to damage healthy tissue. In people with Behcet’s disease, inflammation damages blood vessels throughout the body, known as vasculitis.
Scientists don’t fully understand why some people develop Behcet’s disease, but it’s known that specific genes can increase the chances of getting the condition. Some research suggests that a bacterial or viral infection can lead to developing Behcet’s disease if you have a higher genetic risk.