You’ve likely heard of chemotherapy, or know someone who has had it or is going to have it soon. It might even be you. This cancer treatment has roots dating back to the 1940s and is very common, as there was an expected 1.8 million cases of cancer in the U.S. in 2020 alone.
But while chemotherapy is a tested and trusted method of combating various types of cancer, it can also carry a list of negative side effects. Let’s take a closer look at what chemotherapy entails, and what to expect during the course of treatment…
What Is Chemotherapy?
In a healthy body, cells are continuously being replaced through dividing and growing, notes Medical News Today. However, in the case of cancer, cell reproduction spins out of control and starts taking up space where healthy cells should be.
The drugs used in chemotherapy are basically designed to prevent cancer cells from dividing and reproducing. Chemotherapy can also target the enzymes and hormones that cancer cells rely on to grow. The drug treatment can also trigger cancer cell death.