It’s hard to imagine the words “juvenile” and “arthritis” in the same sentence, because the disease is usually associated with aging. However, arthritis is a reality for about 300,000-children in the U.S., according to the Arthritis Foundation.
The other keyword in this particular type of arthritis is “idiopathic,” meaning doctors don’t know exactly what the cause is, notes the source. Let’s learn 12 things about Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA)…
1. What is Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis?
Formerly called juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, this arthritis affects young people from infants to teenagers and is considered an autoinflammatory disease, notes the Arthritis Foundation.
This means that the patient’s own immune system is malfunctioning and causing inflammation and pain. “It becomes overactive even when there is no infection to fight, or it mistakenly attacks healthy cells and tissues,” it adds, noting “autoimmune” is a commonly associated term.