Prostate Cancer

10 Risk Factors for Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is, unfortunately, a very common disease. It affects only men, with the vast majority of cases in men 40 years or older. It is the most common type of cancer a man can get. Every year, hundreds of thousands of men in the United States are diagnosed with prostate cancer. This is only a small portion of the number of men who have it and don’t know they do.

The symptoms of prostate cancer are varied. Two thirds of those suffering from prostate cancer show no symptoms. When symptoms first start, they begin with urinary dysfunction. The problems can include painful urination, frequent urination, difficulty urinating, and the need to urinate at night. Blood may be apparent in your urine.

Sexual dysfunction is also symptoms of prostate cancer. The problems can include difficulty achieving and maintaining an erection, and painful or bloody ejaculation. Depending on the location of the cancer, you may also experience both bladdar and colon incontinence.

As the cancer progresses, new and more notable symptoms can appear. The cancer can spread to other parts of the body, wreaking havoc and pain. The new symptoms can include bone pain and leg weakness.

As prostate cancer can be hard to discover from a lack of symptoms, it is important to recognize the risk factors. Here are 10 rick factors of prostate cancer. If you believe you are at risk for prostate cancer, talk to your doctor about being tested.

1. Age

Age is a huge factor in your risk for prostate cancer. The statistics are shocking. 30% of men 50 and over already have prostate cancer. 80% of men 70 and over have prostate cancer. On average, the age of diagnosis of prostate cancer is 70 years old. Generally, the older the man, the greater the risk of developing prostate cancer. Agressive forms of prostate cancer can affect men at any age, but this is rare. If you are over 40 years old, it would be a smart idea to be proactive and get checked.

2. Genetics

Family history can play a big part of your risk of prostate cancer. If your family has a history of prostate cancer, you may have a greater risk of developing it yourself. Having a close relative with prostate cancer can give you a 2-3 times larger chance of getting this disease. As of now, there is no specific gene responsible for the elevated risk of prostate cancer. As far as scientists can tell, the answers lie in multiple genes.

3. Diet

It seems that diet can be tied to most illnesses, with prostate cancer continuing this thought. Some studies have found that a diet high in red meat and low in vegetables was linked to an increase risk of prostate cancer. The studies did not find a link between red meat consumption and higher risk, nor was it a link between vegetables and a lowered risk. The best idea is just to eat a varied diet rich in vegetables and lean protein.

4. Exercise

A new study has found a relationship between exercise and a lowered risk of prostate cancer in Caucasian men. The researchers found that men who were moderately to highly active had over a 50% reduction in their prostate cancer risk. Men who exercised in any amount had a 13% reduction in the risk of the agressive form of the disease. This study also found that exercise did not seem to help the risk of prostate cancer in African American men.

5. Race

Unfortunately, race plays a big role in your risk of getting prostate cancer. African American individuals had a 2.5 times greater chance of dieting from prostate cancer. This is because of a predisposition to the disease and a lower likelihood of diagnosis. A recent study looked at different genetic cells in African American and Caucasian men to explain the difference. Asian and Hispanic men have a lower risk of developing and dying from prostate cancer.

6. Weight

Weight has been shown to affect your risk of prostate cancer. Those with a higher body mass index are more at risk from dieting of agressive prostate cancer. Those with a lower body mass index have been shown to have less risk of dieting from agressive prostate cancer. Weight doesn’t seem to affect your chance of getting the disease, but rather your likelihood of surviving it if you do.

7. Nationality

Where you live may play an important role in your risk of prostate cancer. If you live in Asia, East Asia, Central America and South America, you may have a lowered risk. Conversely, if you live in North America, Europe, and Australia, you may have an increased risk. In one study, men who moved from China raised their risk from 2% to 17%. In the United States, different states have different risks also. If you live 40 degrees or higher in latitude, the lower amount of sunlight may make you have an even higher risk of prostate cancer.

 

8. Sexual Activity

Thankfully, so far there have been no links between sexually transmitted diseases and an increased risk of prostate cancer. However, some studies have shown that a lack of sexual activity can increase your risk. To naturally lower your risk, aim to ejaculate 3-5 times a week. This can cut your risk of developing the disease by up to 30%! The prostate is directly tied to the reproductive organs so working your system out will help keep everything healthy.


9. Smoking

Smoking is not good for your health in any way, shape, or form. It has strong ties to many types of cancers, including prostate cancer. Recent studies have found a small connection between smoking and prostate cancer risks. There needs to be more corresponding studies to prove this connection. If you are worried about your risk of any cancer, including prostate, quit smoking!

10. Height

Tall men have something more than bumping into ceilings to worry about. A new study from England has found the taller you are, the higher your risk for prostate cancer. The scientists involved in the study spoke about their findings. “A better growth, and possibly a more rapid growth, we find associated with a very modest increase in risk of prostate cancer and a slightly greater risk of more progressive disease.” It seems that taller people are just set at rapid growth rates and this can affect the growth of prostate cancer.

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