You probably know that Lyme disease has very little to do with limes, or any citrus fruit for that matter. You might also know that it’s an inflammatory infection that affects humans and animals, is typically transmitted through tick bites, and can go unnoticed for weeks or even months. When they do emerge, symptoms can include feelings of exhaustion, headaches, muscle aches, even anxiety, depression and insomnia.
But you may not know what’s involved in treating the condition. The nature of treatment for Lyme disease depends primarily on the stage of the infection. Anyone who acquires Lyme disease will likely be taken through a series of treatment options based on their specific health situation. Because Lyme disease can evolve and change dramatically over time — and because some people may suffer from chronic Lyme disease — some treatment plans can last for months or even years.
1. Antibiotics (taken orally)
For years, antibiotics were the first line of defense in the fight against many different kinds of health issues, from the flu to bronchitis. Unfortunately, that resulted in many humans developing a resistance to the drugs, and this has caused many physicians to hold off recommending their use unless absolutely necessary.
But Lyme disease is far more serious than a case of the sniffles. That’s why many doctors turn to antibiotics right away when a Lyme disease diagnosis is made. However, because the disease tends to evolve over time, several rounds of antibiotic treatments may be necessary. This is typically the case when a Lyme disease infection has gone untreated for an extended period of time, such as several weeks or months. Generally speaking, antibiotics are more effective in the early stages of Lyme disease treatment and may be used less as time goes on. Popular antibiotics for oral treatment include doxycycline, amoxicillin, and cefuroxime axetil.