What Puts Certain Pregnant Women at Risk Over Others?
Doctors are extra vigilant with expectant mothers who have a history of pregnancy-related diabetes (with a previous baby), as well as overweight, obese, and older pregnant women who are more prone to developing the condition.
What Are the Symptoms of Gestational Diabetes?
Vast majorities of moms-to-be with gestational diabetes show zero symptoms. However, common signs can include a combination of frequent urination, sudden snoring, extreme and unquenchable thirst, and lethargy.
Can Gestational Diabetes Harm My Baby?
Elevated levels of the hormone that regulates glucose in the blood and blood glucose levels in mom’s body will ultimately cause raised production and high blood glucose levels in the baby’s body as the fetus attempts to expel the excess blood glucose. Basically, baby will be receiving far more energy than her or she requires for growth and the excess energy will be stored as fat, leading to an oversized baby (a condition called Macrosomia), which can cause all sorts of issues during delivery—like injured shoulders, respiratory issues—as well as following birth—such as jaundice, low blood glucose levels, obesity, and the onset of type 2 diabetes.
Treatment for Gestational Diabetes
If you are diagnosed with gestational diabetes, you can still have a healthy pregnancy and a healthy baby as long as the condition is treated, controlled, and monitored closely. The goal will be to decrease blood sugar levels in both mom and baby to prevent issues like obesity and the development of type 2 diabetes down the road.
Mom’s can do their part by exercising regularly, eating well, and maintaining a healthy body weight (before and during pregnancy) in an attempt to maintain safe and balanced blood sugar levels.