When to See a Medical Professional
The Mayo Clinic says painful ovulation rarely needs the intervention of a doctor, but that you should book an appointment if “a new pelvic pain becomes severe” or is accompanied by nausea or fever.
If the pain and other symptoms persist, it could be a sign that you’re dealing with more than ovulation pain (such as appendicitis, pelvic inflammatory disease or ectopic pregnancy when the embryo plants itself outside of the uterus), adds the clinic.
How a Doctor Diagnoses Mittelschmerz
WebMD says there’s no specific test to determine if a woman has this condition, but that it’s a “diagnosis of exclusion” to ensure it’s not being caused by another (possibly more serious) condition.
If the test results come back normal for other conditions and the pain seems to be confined to mid-menstrual cycle, then it’s usually confirmed that painful ovulation is the culprit. A doctor may ask the patient to track symptoms via a diary to establish a pattern, it adds.
What to Expect During a Medical Visit
For the most part, a doctor will ask a number of questions, so it’s best to be prepared or even write down information ahead of time. For example, the Mayo Clinic notes a medical professional may ask questions such as how many days apart your menstrual cycles are, and how long they last.
Other questions might include a verbal description of your symptoms, location of the pain, how long you’ve been experiencing the discomfort, and whether there are other symptoms (such as nausea or vomiting) it adds.