Type 2 diabetes is one of the biggest health risks we face today. Anyone can develop type 2 diabetes. Plus, it’s a chronic health condition that you have to manage in order to prevent potential complications. Because of how serious these complications can be, it’s important to understand what diabetes can look like and how its symptoms first appear.
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Since diabetes is a chronic condition, you should know how it’s treated and managed over time. Type 2 diabetes can be treated in several ways. Many of which you can discover by searching online.
If you’re wondering what diabetes looks like and how it can be managed, here’s what you need to know.
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What Causes Type 2 Diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes occurs when your body’s cells don’t respond normally to the hormone that regulates the amount of glucose in the blood. Essentially, you develop a resistance to this hormone. As such, your pancreas makes increasingly more of the hormone to try to get your cells to respond, which in turn causes blood sugar to rise. These high blood sugar levels can lead to other serious health issues.
Type 2 diabetes can be caused by several different factors or health considerations, including:
- Your genes;
- Being overweight or obese;
- Having a metabolic syndrome, like high blood pressure or high cholesterol;
- Too much glucose created by the liver;
- Bad cell communication, and;
- Broken beta cells, or the cells that make the hormone that regulates glucose in the blood.
Additionally, if you have certain risk factors in your health history or background, you may be at a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes. The more risk factors you have, the more likely you may be to become diabetic. These risk factors include:
- Being age 45 or older;
- Having an immediate family member with diabetes;
- Being of a certain ethnicity, such as African American, Native American, or Pacific Islander American;
- Having high blood pressure;
- Low HDL or “good” cholesterol;
- Being diagnosed with prediabetes, and;
- A high amount of triglycerides.
If you’re at risk for type 2 diabetes, it’s important to talk with your doctor. Make sure to discuss your potential risk level and ways that you may be able to mitigate that risk.