- Thyroiditis is the swelling of the thyroid gland caused by either unusually high or low thyroid hormone levels in the blood.
- There are several different types of thyroiditis, but the most common are Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, subacute, postpartum, and silent thyroiditis.
- Symptoms vary, but often include fatigue, swelling at the base of the neck, and sometimes pain in the front of the throat.
- Treatment depends on the type and case, but can often be treated with medication.
We don’t pay much attention to our thyroid, the butterfly-shaped gland in the front of our throat, but it plays a big role in our overall health. According to WebMD, it controls our metabolism by making hormones that affect how our heart, brain, and other areas of the body function. About 20 million Americans have some form of thyroid disease, including thyroiditis.
Thyroiditis is one of the many conditions that can affect our thyroid. While there are many different types, overall it is the swelling of our thyroid gland. It can happen to anyone, but is more common among women, particularly women in early adulthood to middle age. Here’s an in-depth look at thyroiditis, including the symptoms, causes, and treatment options…
Phases of Thyroiditis
Regardless of the specific type of thyroiditis a person has, it will follow through three phases. The first phase is thyrotoxic phase. During this phase the thyroid becomes swollen and will release too many hormones, explains WebMD. Next it will move into hypothyorid phase. After a few weeks or months go by, the thyroid will have released so much of the hormone that it leads to hypothyoridism, when there’s not enough left.
The last phase is euthyroid phase. WebMD describes this phase as being “normal.” Thyroid levels return to where they should be. This can happen between the first two phases or at the end when the swelling has gone down.