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The Most Common Types of Hearing Problems


2. Otitis Media with Effusion

Unlike the standard version of otitis media, otitis media with effusion may not cause significant pain and discomfort. However, it does result from a build-up of fluid and is most often found in young children whose ears are still in the development stage. Because otitis media with effusion doesn’t cause the pain associated with otitis media, it may be down to the doctor to diagnose it, usually after examining the ear with special equipment.

The danger of otitis media with effusion is that, without the patient being particularly bothered by any symptoms, it can fly under the radar until the fluid builds up enough to cause a serious ear infection or even damage to the eardrum. This makes identifying and treating the problem tricky, particularly as antibiotics are rarely effective. It’s worth noting that individuals with seasonal allergies are more likely to experience otitis media with effusion.

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