2. Blood Glucose
Commonly referred to as a blood sugar test, this sample is taken to diagnose and monitor diabetes patients, or more specifically, high levels of glucose, which can lead to kidney disease or nerve damage. It’s taken via a tiny “pin prick” in the finger and can be done by the patient at home.
3. Electrolyte Blood Test
This test measures the concentration of electrolyte (or mineral) balance in your bloodstream to help indicate issues like dehydration or diabetes (due to increased sodium); kidney failure (due to low sodium).
4. Gene test
This test is used to find gene mutations in cases of suspected haemophilia, polycystic kidney disease, cystic fibrosis, sickle cell anaemia and other gene mutation issues. It’s taken via a small sample of DNA via the blood.
5. Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate
An erythrocyte sedimentation rate (or ESR) blood test screens for inflammation issues, such as arthritis, and Crohn’s disease. It typically monitors how fast the red blood cells in the sample fall to the bottom of a test tube—more quickly indicates inflammation.
The long-winded enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (or ELISA) tests for food allergies (i.e., peanut allergies), HIV, or viral-bacterial issues. It takes a small blood sample and measures for specific antibodies related to the infection or allergy.