- Shigella infection is caused by shigella bacteria which results in a disease that affects the digestive system.
- The most common symptoms of a shigella infection is diarrhea, but it can also cause fever, nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain.
- Shigella bacteria is spread through the feces of an infected person (coming into contact with their stool), or by eating or drinking contaminated food and water.
- Treatment depends on how severe the infection is. In most cases, a shigella infection will clear up on its own at home within a couple days.
You might have never heard of it, but shigella is a problem that affects people all over the world. In fact, the Cleveland Clinic states there are about 188 million cases each year. Approximately 450,000 of these occur in the United States in regions with poor sanitation or overcrowded places, such as daycare centers, nursing homes, and schools.
Shigella infection, also known as shigellosis, is caused by shigella bacteria. As a type of a food poisoning, its affects are felt most in the digestive system. It’s highly contagious and most often spread through food or contaminated water. Here’s more information on what Shigella is, the symptoms, causes, and treatment options…
What is Shigella?
Shigella infection is an intestinal infection caused by a family of bacteria known as shigella which results in stomach pain, diarrhea, and fever. It is considered a type of food poisoning because people usually get it by eating or drinking contaminated food or water. You can also get it from swimming and accidentally swallowing some contaminated water, explains the Cleveland Clinic.
While it can happen to anyone, it commonly occurs in children under 5 who often put their hands in their mouths. If the case is mild, it’ll clear up on its own within a week. If treatment is needed, a doctor can prescribe antibiotics.