- Hypothyroidism can occur when the thyroid gland doesn’t make enough hormones.
- Symptoms include weight gain, fatigue, feeling cold, depression, and hair loss.
- Blood tests can help doctors diagnose the condition and prescribe medication.
- Thyroid medication is designed to restore the hormone levels your body needs.
The thyroid is a small gland located in the front of the neck. It’s responsible for releasing hormones that play an important role in regulating body functions. When the thyroid is underactive, it doesn’t release enough hormones to meet your body’s needs.
Let’s take a closer look at underactive thyroid disease, commonly known as hypothyroidism, to help you recognize the signs and symptoms. We’ll also cover causes, treatments, and the risks of untreated hypothyroidism.
What Is Hypothyroidism?
Hypothyroidism, a common thyroid disorder, occurs when your thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough thyroid hormones. Thyroid hormones help regulate your metabolism. If your thyroid gland doesn’t release enough of these crucial hormones, then your body makes less energy, and your metabolism slows down.
Your metabolism plays an important role in several body functions. For instance, it affects your heart rate, body temperature, as well as how many calories you burn a day. Eventually, untreated hypothyroidism can lead to several health problems, including heart disease and depression.