Halloween is right around the corner, so it’s a great time to talk about the things that scare us most (creepy clowns, anyone?). Phobias can be fairly common (for example, a fear of spiders known as arachnophobia), or can be more obscure—ranging from arithmophobia (a fear of numbers) to allodoxaphobia (a fear of opinions). These days, many people may have nomophobia, which is the fear of being without your mobile phone.
Phobias can be managed with therapy, but they are often debilitating and irrational, meaning the fear is disproportionate to any danger being posed. That being said, “clinically significant” phobias affect about five-percent of the U.S. population at any given time, according to PsychCentral.com. Let’s face six facts about phobias together…
1. Phobias can Be Caused by Trauma
Psych Central said that traumatic experiences can trigger certain phobias (for example, if you almost drowned in your backyard pool as a child, you may avoid water as an adult). However, other common phobias, such as social phobia that makes it difficult to meet new people or feel comfortable in group environments may be partially hereditary, notes the source.
Trauma can also be in the form of an injury, such as a car accident that affects mental function. Traumatic brain injuries can often lead patients to develop phobias, according to another source, HealthLine.com.