Also known as cerebral atrophy, this can occur as a result of many diseases of the brain (including strokes, traumatic brain injuries, Alzheimer’s, and others), resulting in a loss of brain neurons (and brain mass). The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke notes brain atrophy can be generalized – meaning the entire brain has shrunk – or it can affect one particular part of the brain.
The symptoms depend on what part of the brain the atrophy affects, adds the source. However, if both hemispheres of the brain are affected, thought processes and voluntary functions could be affected, it adds. Regardless of the underlying cause of brain atrophy, here are six possible related symptoms…
This is a condition often associated with stroke that affects a patient’s ability to communicate. There are various forms of aphasia depending on what part of the brain has been affected; for example, Wernicke’s aphasia is when patients have damage to the temporal lobe, which impairs ability to understand speech, according to Livestrong.com.
Meanwhile, Broca’s aphasia is from damage to the frontal lobe, and results in “nonsensical speech production,” according to the source. Global aphasia is when the temporal and frontal lobes of the brain have been affected, which can make speaking and comprehension especially difficult, it adds.