Although “dementia” and “Alzheimer’s” are often used interchangeably, they are not, in fact, the same thing. According to Healthline, dementia is “an overall term used to describe symptoms that impact memory, performance of daily activities, and communication abilities.”
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1. Vascular Dementia
Formerly known as multi-infarct or post-stroke dementia, vascular dementia is the second most common cause of dementia, accounting for approximately 17-percent of cases.
According to the Alzheimer’s Association, vascular dementia occurs “from blood vessel blockage or damage leading to infarcts (strokes) or bleeding in the brain.” The onset may occur suddenly, and include symptoms such as impaired judgment, difficulties concentrating, and problems with planning, organizing or making decisions.