5. Prescription and Over-The-Counter Medications
If you take any medications, either prescription or over-the-counter, your doctor of pharmacist likely went over the long list of side effects with you. Dry eyes are a common side effect because medications will often impact natural tear production.
Many medications can lead to dry eyes, however, most notably are antihistamines, decongestants, antidepressants and anti-anxiety meds, sleeping pills, diuretics, blood pressure drugs, and painkillers. If you’re eyes are dry due to a new medication, talk to your doctor about an appropriate alternative.
6. Age Related Dry Eye
As we age, the body begins to gradually decline. And since I passed 40, you bet I’m starting to really comprehend what that means. The eyes, along with the rest of the body, also experience the byproducts of aging.
Janet Cushing, OD, clinical optometrist with Madison’s University of Wisconsin School of Medicine & Public Health, explains that with age, the tear ducts can suffer inflammation and produce less tears. Cushing says this is common with age and that roughly 30-percent of individuals over 50-years of age experience chronic dry eye as a result.
7. Corrective Eye or Eyelid Surgery
If you’ve considered LASIK surgery to correct your vision, or if you’ve undergone eyelid surgery, dry eye can be a common side effect, along with poor night vision (halos and blurred vision in dark). Folks who undergo corrective eye or eyelid surgeries can experience dry eyes for up to six months following their surgery.
The Ophthalmic Consultants of Vermont explain that during the LASIK procedure nerves are cut in the anterior cornea to create a flap, which can decrease normal corneal sensitivity and create a subtle sensation of dryness that stimulates tearing up and blinking.These same nerves trigger the production of tears. Post-surgery the eyes may not tear or blink normally so the use of artificial tears is recommended until new nerves and sensation rejuvenates in the cornea.