A goiter can appear as a swelling in your neck, and can also cause physical sensations such as a tight feeling in your throat, explains the Mayo Clinic. This can lead to difficulty breathing and swallowing, neither of which is very desirable.
Goiters are actually the enlargement of your thyroid gland, which controls many functions in your body. However, now that you know some of the symptoms, here are six reasons you may develop a goiter…
1. Iodine Deficiency
This chemical element is commonly found in table salt, and it’s also important in the production of thyroid hormones, adds the Mayo Clinic. While sources say this is not a likely cause of a goiter in the developed world (including the U.S.), in the developing world, “people who live inland or at high elevations are often iodine deficient and can develop goiters when the thyroid enlarges in an effort to obtain more iodine,” explains the source.
The clinic notes that iodine deficiency can be further complicated if your diet is rich in “hormone-inhibiting foods” such as cabbage, broccoli and cauliflower. Try adding safe levels of table salt back into your diet or consult a doctor if you suspect this is the cause.