Home » Your Health » 12 Skin Pigmentation Disorders

12 Skin Pigmentation Disorders


2. Melasma

Melasma is a common skin disorder characterized by dark patches (hyperpigmentation), primarily on the face.  The cause of the disorder is unknown, but seems to be related to hormonal change.  It affects women more than men.  Melasma is usually associated with pregnancy, oral contraceptives, or anti-seizure medication (e.g. phenytoin [Dilantin]).  It is so common in pregnancy that it is referred to as “the mask of pregnancy.”  Melasma has no specific symptoms but causes alarm due to its appearance.

For some women, melasma resolves without intervention.  For those requiring treatment, available therapies include topical treatment with hydroquinone 3-percent or 4-percent, glycolic acid 10-percent peel, azelaic acid 20-percent cream, and retinoids (e.g. tretinoin 0.05-percent or 0.1-percent cream, adapalene [Differin] 0.1-percent or 0.3-percent gel).  Keep in mind, not all cases of melasma clear with treatment.  Prevention of melasma may be aided by wearing sunscreen (at least SPF 30) and wide-brimmed hats.  

sun 7

«
Next »
ADVERTISEMENT

More on ActiveBeat
  • 6 Effective Treatments for Plantar Fasciitis
    The most common cause of heel pain, plantar fasciitis occurs when the plantar fascia—the ligament that connects the heel bone to the toes—becomes strained.
    Your Health
  • 12 Winter Skin Mistakes You're Probably Making Right Now
    The long winter months bring a few significant challenges to our health, starting with head colds and influenza, both of which tend to spread faster as people head inside to avoid...
    Your Health
  • 10 Effective Ways to Prevent & Soothe Heat Rash
      Heat rash (or miliaria) occurs when the temperature rises and skin overheats. It typically appears during hot, summer temperatures causing hives (urticaria) or painful...
    Your Health
  • The Best Treatments For Sunburns
    No matter how much we warn you against the damaging effects of UV sun exposure, you’ll still probably get at least one sunburn this summer.
    Your Health
  • Easy & Effective At-Home Remedies For Itchy Skin
    Itchiness—you know the kind that makes you want to crawl out of your own skin or scratch it off—is a major annoyance.
    Your Health
  • Do You Have Cyberchondria?
    The last time a minor skin rash cropped up on your forearm, did you Google it? Well, the good news is that skin rash was probably just hives, but the bad news is that you might...
    Your Health
  • Probiotics Reduce Problem Skin for Infants
    Recent findings, uncovered in a study at the University of California, Davis, confirms that children given probiotics to promote "good" bacteria in the intestine and aid digestion,...
    Your Health
  • 10 Celebrities With the Best Skin!
    Getting that perfect glow isn't easy. Achieving radiant skin may seem like an impossible task for many people but a good skin care regime can go a long way.
    Your Health
  • 6 Itchy Truths about Psoriasis for Psoriasis Awareness Month
    Psoriasis is described as "one of the most baffling and persistent of skin disorders" by WebMD, but it affects about 2-percent of the U.S.
    Your Health
  • Foods That Aggravate Psoriasis
    If you suffer from reoccurring psoriasis flare-ups—an autoimmune disorder characterized by rapid skin cell growth that triggers scaly, inflamed, red patches of skin to...
    Your Health
  • Video: Breaking Barriers for People with Psoriasis
    The theme for World Psoriasis Day 2016 is "Breaking Barriers for People with Psoriasis". The International Federation of Psoriasis Associations (IFPA) created this colourful...
    Your Health
  • 8 Treatment Options for Vitiligo
    Few people have ever heard of vitiligo, a disorder that leads to the skin losing its color, often resulting in white patches.
    Your Health
  • 6 Health Remedies to Treat Minor Burns
    There are a number of ways you can accidentally burn yourself at home or at work – whether you spill some boiling water on your hand from a pot or kettle, touch a hot iron, rest...
    Your Health
  • Incredible Health Benefits of Turmeric
    If you've tried putting turmeric, the burnt orange colored spice ground from a root, then you're seriously missing out.
    Your Health
  • 12 Benefits of Barley Water to Drink Up
    When you hear the words barley water, some people may make a connection to beer. But the main difference is that barley water hasn't gone through a fermentation process, so there's...
    Your Health