Heart disease is one of the biggest silent killers on a global scale. Having hypertension (or high blood pressure) means that the pressure to which your arteries pump blood from your heart to the rest of your organs and throughout your body is too great. This abnormal blood pressure is what puts stress on the heart and causes premature death.
High blood pressure is an issue if the systolic blood pressure (when your heart pumps) is over 140 and the diastolic blood pressure (when your heart relaxes) is over 90. Here are 15 common causes of hypertension…
1. Excess Sodium
According to the American Heart Association, excessive levels of salt (or sodium intake of more than 1,500 milligrams per day) can lead to high blood pressure, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases—regardless of age, current health condition, and family history.