The Usual Suspects
Many of the same foods cause allergies or sensitivities, although the symptoms will be different for both. WebMD says eight foods cause about 90-percent of food allergies, and includes milk, eggs, peanuts, tree nuts, soy, wheat, fish, and shellfish.
Meanwhile, Healthline lists eight foods or their components that people commonly have intolerance for – and they include dairy, gluten, caffeine, salicylates in plants, amines from fermentation, FODMAPs (a group of carbohydrates), sulfites, and fructose. However, people also show intolerances to eggs, yeast, MSG, and food colorings, it adds.
When to Seek Medical Help
While most food intolerances don’t require emergency treatment (although you should consult a doctor to identify triggers), in some cases a food allergy means you need medical assistance immediately.
Food allergies become a medical emergency when they’re life-threatening anaphylaxis, and “every second counts” in these cases, notes EveryDay Health. That means using emergency medication or getting to a hospital without delay. If there’s difficulty breathing or loss of consciousness involved, or there’s a combination of hives and vomiting, then you should consider it a medical emergency, it adds.
Life Saving Treatments
There are generally two types of treatments for food allergies, depending on whether they are mild or serious, according to WebMD. For the lesser reactions that don’t involve gasping for air or swelling body parts, you can try an over-the-counter antihistamine, says the source.
However, you will need a shot of epinephrine to control the release of histamine from an extreme food allergy, it adds. This will also relax muscles enough to be able to breathe. You can administer the shot yourself if you’re equipped with a shot, or an emergency team will do it. Meanwhile, WebMD notes there are newer treatments in the works such as food oral immunotherapy (OIT), which involves the patient ingesting small doses of an allergen in a controlled medical environment with the goal of building tolerance.