There’s a lot of buzz around collagen in the beauty world right now. A structural protein, collagen is found throughout the body in the muscles, bones, and tendons. It’s also what gives our skin its structure and elasticity.
Unfortunately, as we age, our bodies produce less and less collagen, which can lead to thinner, sagging skin, the development of wrinkles, and joint pain. To combat this natural decline, many people are turning toward collagen supplements. If you prefer to go a more natural route, however, the following 13 foods contain a wealth of nutrients that boost the body’s production of collagen.
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Fish are packed full of essential nutrients called omega-3 fatty acids. Omega-3s are vital for skin health, as they help to protect the fatty membrane that surrounds our skin cells, thus supporting the skin’s structure.
Salmon is a particularly valuable source of omega-3s, with a three-ounce serving containing approximately 1.1 to 1.9 grams (g), whether fresh or frozen. Other fish varieties that are rich in omega-3s include mackerel, trout, herring, and tuna.
2. Red Vegetables
Red vegetables are rich in something known as lycopene, an antioxidant that HelloGlow.com says “essentially acts as a natural sunblock and collagen booster.” Tomatoes are one such example, as are fruits like strawberries, watermelon, and pink grapefruit.
In addition to lycopene, red bell peppers also contain plenty of vitamin C, which “…is an antioxidant that promotes collagen synthesis,” explains registered dietician Ashley Barrient in speaking with Prevention.com. A half-cup serving offers 95 milligrams (mg) of the vitamin, which equates to 158 percent of your required daily intake.
3. Dark Green Vegetables
Red bell peppers aren’t the only valuable source of vitamin C! Dark green vegetables are also rich in the nutrient. Kale, for instance, contains 80.4 mg per one-cup serving—a whopping 134 percent of your daily value, while one cup of spinach offers 8.4 mg.
Additionally, dark green vegetables are also rich sources of vitamin A, another nutrient that can help boost the body’s collagen production. Collard greens contain 722 micrograms (mcg) per one cup (cooked), and a similar serving of turnip greens offers 549 mcg.
4. Orange Vegetables
Not only does vitamin A boost the body’s natural production of collagen, but it also helps with skin elasticity and increases blood flow to its surface. And healthy doses of it can be found in a variety of orange vegetables.
These include sweet potato, which offers an incredible 1,836 mcg per one cup, cooked. That’s over 200 percent of your daily value! Carrots are also a valuable source, with one that’s of medium size containing 392 mcg when cooked. Vitamin A can also be found in orange fruits like mango, cantaloupe, and papaya.
5. Citrus Fruits
Speaking of orange fruit, oranges are also beneficial to eat for increased collagen production. That’s because they—along with other citrus fruits like grapefruit, lemon, and lime—are rich in vitamin C, which means they “have the ability to help amino acids—lysine and proline—convert to collagen,” says NewBeauty.com.
In addition, the source adds that vitamin C is crucial “…in helping to neutralize free radicals, which attack and break down collagen and elastin in the skin.” Perhaps eating an orange a day can help keep the wrinkles away!
In addition to fruit of the citrus variety, another group of fruit is also known for its collagen-boosting properties—berries! Whether you fancy strawberries, blueberries, raspberries, or blackberries, they’re all chock-full of antioxidants.
And, according to MindBodyGreen.com, these antioxidants can “…fight those skin-ravaging free radicals while boosting collagen.” Although delicious on their own, you can try adding them to smoothies or using them as a topping for cereal, yogurt, or oatmeal to increase your intake.
If you don’t already add garlic to (almost) everything, this may be a good reason to start! Garlic contains taurine and lipoic acid, which help to rebuild collagen fibers that have become damaged over time.
Garlic is also among the best natural sources of sulfur, which the body requires in order to produce collagen. So the very compound that causes unpleasant breath is what’s helping give your skin its youthful glow. Seems like a worthwhile tradeoff!
8. White Tea
Do you begin each day with a cup of white tea? If not, it may be a ritual worth starting! According to OrganicAuthority.com, “Drinking white tea helps to protect the skin from further damage, preventing the activity of enzymes that break down collagen as we age.”
This is based on research conducted by Kingston University and Neal’s Yard Remedies, which found that white tea “…may protect the structural proteins of the skin, specifically collagen,” says NewBeauty.com.
Yet another reason to feel less guilty about your avocado obsession. Sure, they may be pricey, but all their benefits may be worth the cost! According to HelloGlow.com, “Avocados are rich in vitamin E, which help fight free radicals and provide omega-3 fatty acids, which increase collagen production.”
In addition to guacamole, you can add them to smoothies, salads, or on top of toast for delicious breakfast or anytime-of-day snack!
As the production of collagen in the body involves amino acids, Prevention.com explains, “…it’s important to consume enough protein, which is made out of amino acids.” Turkey, for example, is not only lean but contains lysine, “one of the major amino acids that facilitate collagen production.”
Grass-fed meats are also good protein sources because, like fish, they contain lots of omega-3 fatty acids, which “plump up the cells, making them bouncy and full, which translates to more youthful-looking skin,” says MindBodyGreen.com.
Good news if you’re vegetarian or simply trying to cut back on your meat intake, not only is soy is an excellent source of protein and lysine, but HelloGlow.com says it “…contains a plant hormone called genistein, which increases collagen, strengthens skin, and blocks enzymes that can age skin.”
Other great sources of both protein and lysine for vegetarians are nuts (like cashews and peanuts) and egg whites—which also contain the amino acid proline as well as collagen itself.
Beans are yet another great source of protein for both vegetarians and omnivores alike! And, in addition to protein, they are rich in zinc and hyaluronic acid, which HelloGlow.com says “…keep your skin hydrated, plump, and firm,” preventing the development of wrinkles.
Among the healthiest options are navy beans, garbanzo beans (more commonly referred to as chickpeas), red kidney beans, and black beans. Considering adding them to salads, soups, and casseroles to up your intake!
13. Flax Seeds
In addition to fish, avocados, and grass-fed meats, flax seeds are yet another excellent source of omega-3 fatty acids, which it’s important to get enough of as HelloGlow.com explains, “Our bodies can’t produce it.”
Just two tablespoons of flax seeds (when ground and raw) contain 3.19 g of the nutrient, which equates to 133 percent of your daily value! Try adding them to smoothies, or using them as a topping for yogurt or oatmeal.