Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HTT), also known as Osler-Weber-Rendu Syndrome, is a somewhat rare genetic disorder that affects the development of blood vessels. The disorder weakens the vessels because they lack capillaries that connect arteries to veins. Without capillaries and their important purpose, arterial blood goes directly to the veins at a higher speed and pressure than it should, causing bleeding and ruptured blood vessels. People with HTT suffer from a variety of symptoms that usually begin close to adolescence. The symptoms and impact of the condition is most severe for infants and can cause serious complications and even death.
Although there is no cure, if caught early there are effective treatments to minimize the impact of the condition. Read on for the ten signs of hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia…
1. Nose Bleeds
Nose bleeds are the most common and very obvious sign of hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia because the nose is one of the main areas of the body that the condition affects. HHT causes abnormal blood vessels that don’t have capillaries to help control the movement of blood between arteries and veins. Capillaries have a vital role in your vascular system because they’re narrow and affect blood flow. The improperly developed blood vessels are weaker, putting those with the condition at risk of ruptures.
Since the nose is an area often affected by abnormal blood vessels as a result of HHT, nose bleeds are really common. In fact, most people with the condition experience mild to severe chronic nosebleeds, so monitoring the severity is important. There’s a scoring system people with Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia can use that can help guide their treatment plan and keep their doctor aware of the condition. It’s also an indicator of how effective treatment is, making the results about the severity of the patient’s nosebleeds quite important.