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Seis datos impactantes sobre la prevalencia de diabetes en el mundo

Afecciones Comunes

Diabetes. Todos hemos oído esa palabra alguna vez, ya sea porque la padecemos o porque conocemos a alguien que la tiene. Se trata de la incapacidad de procesar correctamente la glucosa en sangre con insulina del páncreas; por lo general, aparece en la adultez (lo que se conoce como tipo 2) aunque algunos son incapaces de producir insulina desde el nacimiento (tipo 1).

El día mundial de la salud este año intenta crear conciencia sobre la diabetes e intenta mostrarle a la sociedad cuán común se ha vuelto la enfermedad. La diabetes tipo 2 no sólo es muy frecuente en los Estados Unidos (alrededor de 30 millones de personas tienen algún tipo de diabetes, lo que equivale a alrededor del 10% de la población), más bien se ha convertido en una epidemia mundial.

1. Es un problema mundial en aumento

Muchos asocian la diabetes tipo 2 con el mundo occidental debido al exceso de comida chatarra y a la falta de ejercicio. Sin embargo, la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) señala que unas 422 millones de personas en el planeta sufren diabetes— por lo que, definitivamente, se trata de un problema mundial.

La OMS además explica que muchos de los nuevos casos se dan en países de ingresos medios y, a pesar de que no existe una explicación clara al respecto, el incremento de pacientes diabéticos “refleja el aumento en la prevalencia de obesidad y de sobrepeso en las personas.”

Diabetes 2

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